The adjacent table shows the most common countries of birth of Copenhagen residents.  In line with this policy, several new parks, including the innovative Superkilen in the Nørrebro district, have been completed or are under development in areas lacking green spaces. The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Lars Weiss, since 19 October 2020.  The national library's Black Diamond building on the waterfront was completed in 1999. The CPH 2025 Climate Plan is holistic and includes specific targets and initiatives in the four key areas – energy consumption, energy production, mobility and city administration initiatives.The Climate Plan is developed in three implementation phases; 2013-2016, 2017-2020 and 2021-2025 with evaluation in between the phases. District heating will be carbon-neutral by 2025, by waste incineration and biomass. , The Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided education in the arts for more than 250 years. Browse our largest collection of experiences. Similarly TV2, which is based in Odense, has concentrated its Copenhagen activities in a modern media house in Teglholmen. Known as the Øresund Region, it has 3.8 million inhabitants (of whom 2.5 million live in the Danish part of the region).  Other landmarks in Indre By include the parliament building of Christiansborg, the City Hall and Rundetårn, originally an observatory. It is possible to find modest eateries serving open sandwiches, known as smørrebrød – a traditional, Danish lunch dish; however, most restaurants serve international dishes.  Danish pastry can be sampled from any of numerous bakeries found in all parts of the city. By the 1880s, the districts of Nørrebro and Vesterbro developed to accommodate those who came from the provinces to participate in the city's industrialization. The hospital became internationally famous as the location of Lars von Trier's television horror mini-series The Kingdom. The city's economy is based largely on services and commerce. There is no entrance fee to pay and Klampenborg Station on the C-line, is situated nearby. Further south follows the Sundbyøster and Sundbyvester districts. Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson led the main attack. , Copenhagen has over 94,000 students enrolled in its largest universities and institutions: University of Copenhagen (38,867 students), Copenhagen Business School (19,999 students), Metropolitan University College and University College Capital (10,000 students each), Technical University of Denmark (7,000 students), KEA (c. 4,500 students), IT University of Copenhagen (2,000 students) and Aalborg University – Copenhagen (2,300 students). The Parks Plan 2013-2017 was approved by Toronto City Council on May 7, 2013. More info. Explore on your feet—and never miss anything. Some 750,000 passengers make use of public transport facilities every day. Waste management in Copenhagen 2.  Copenhagen Municipality is located at the Zealand and Amager islands and totally surrounds Frederiksberg Municipality on all sides. On 1 January 2007, the municipality lost its county privileges and became part of the Capital Region of Denmark. Along Strandvejen (a street and further north a road leading to Elsinore) various shops, stores and restaurants are located. In the 1990’s there were no long-term plans for the city’s development which made the city unattractive to investors. City Sightseeing Copenhagen Hop-On Hop-Off Bus Tour. 601 reviews.  However, it was not until the 1930s that substantial housing developments ensued, with the demolition of one side of Christianhavn's Torvegade to build five large blocks of flats. Copenhagen is also served by a daily ferry connection to Oslo in Norway. The goal is supported by the CPH 2025 Climate Plan, which the City Council adopted in 2009. Copenhagen – a city-wide plan for con-trolling storm water in a 100-year storm – by using both green and grey surface infrastructure. They discuss a range of issues including labour and employment, business growth, economics, international cooperation and IT, urban planning, housing and construction, and young, old, and disabled peoples' issues, healthcare, and traffic, with a central focus on making the city sustainable and meeting environmental and health targets. Some like Nørrebro Bryghus also act as brewpubs where it is also possible to eat on the premises. modern Icelandic: Kaupmannahöfn [ˈkʰøyhpmanːahœpn], Faroese Keypmannahavn), meaning "merchants' harbour".  Fælledparken at 58 ha (140 acres) is the largest park in Copenhagen. Copenhagen Municipality is by far the largest municipality, with the historic city at its core. Use of these rooms does not lead to prosecution; the city treats drug use as a public health issue, not a criminal one. Around the historical city centre lies a band of congenial residential boroughs (Vesterbro, Inner Nørrebro, Inner Østerbro) dating mainly from late 19th century. Although the earliest historical records of Copenhagen are from the end of the 12th century, recent archaeological finds in connection with work on the city's metropolitan rail system revealed the remains of a large merchant's mansion near today's Kongens Nytorv from c. 1020. Carrying out the Bicycle Track Priority Plan 2017-2025 The Bicycle Track Priority Plan was decided upon in the City Council on 30th March 2017. Copenhagen has the two oldest amusement parks in the world.  The first habitations were probably centred on Gammel Strand (literally "old shore") in the 11th century or even earlier.  In 1254, it received a charter as a city under Bishop Jakob Erlandsen who garnered support from the local fishing merchants against the king by granting them special privileges. Walking & Biking Tours. It is the Lord Mayor who prepares the agenda for City Council meetings, This can however lead to serious congestion in rush hour traffic. the Danish national art gallery, in the Østre Anlæg park, and the adjacent Hirschsprung Collection specialising in the 19th and early 20th century. Geologically, Copenhagen lies in the northern part of Denmark where the land is rising because of post-glacial rebound.  Around 1200, the Church of Our Lady was constructed on higher ground to the northeast of the town, which began to develop around it. , The Second Battle of Copenhagen (or the Bombardment of Copenhagen) (16 August – 5 September 1807) was from a British point of view a preemptive attack on Copenhagen, targeting the civilian population to yet again seize the Dano-Norwegian fleet.  It was Christian IV who first developed its landscaping in 1606.  A midterm goal was to reduce carbon emissions by 20% by 2015, which is a goal Copenhagen met already in 2011.  Radisson Blu Royal Hotel, built by Danish architect and designer Arne Jacobsen for the airline Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) between 1956 and 1960 was once the tallest hotel in Denmark with a height of 69.60 m (228.3 ft) and the city's only skyscraper until 1969. The municipal seat of government is the Copenhagen City Hall (Danish: Københavns Rådhus).The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen is Lars Weiss, since 19 October 2020.The relationship between Copenhagen Municipality and the wider city of Copenhagen is one of an administrative unit within a significantly larger city, cf.  In 2019 Copenhagen was ranked first among Lonely Planet's top ten cities to visit. It opened in 1843, making it the second oldest amusement park in the world.  Activity in the port of Copenhagen declined with the closure of the Holmen Naval Base. source: City of Copenhagen Municipal Plan. Urban development. For a number of years, Copenhagen has ranked high in international surveys for its quality of life. Den Frie Udstilling near the Østerport Station exhibits paintings created and selected by contemporary artists themselves rather than by the official authorities. July is the warmest month with an average daytime high of 21 °C. He is behind several international movie productions as well and founded the Dogme Movement. There are also branches of both University College Capital and Metropolitan University College inside and outside Copenhagen. With 1,120 beds, Rigshospitalet has responsibility for 65,000 inpatients and approximately 420,000 outpatients annually. We have a lot of activities waiting for you! Every year in early July, Copenhagen's streets, squares, parks as well as cafés and concert halls fill up with big and small jazz concerts during the Copenhagen Jazz Festival. The annual budget for the city is proposed in August and finalized in October and the annual report is published in May of every year. The City of Copenhagen is working on a pilot project to include ambulance data in order to form a more accurate picture of cyclist traffic safety. The Arken Museum of Modern Art is located in southwestern Ishøj. Copenhagen has several recurring community festivals, mainly in the summer. Particularly notable was the use of incendiary Congreve rockets (containing phosphorus, which cannot be extinguished with water) that randomly hit the city. Designed by Nicolai Eigtved in the Rococo style, its centre contained the mansions which now form Amalienborg Palace.  In 2009 the event included a 10-kilometre (6-mile) FINA World Cup competition in the morning. The relationship between Copenhagen Municipality and the wider city of Copenhagen is one of an administrative unit within a significantly larger city, cf. , Motor traffic in the city grew significantly and in 1972 the trams were replaced by buses. The Danish Australian Football League, based in Copenhagen is the largest Australian rules football competition outside of the English-speaking world. TO DO. Copenhagen Municipality was one of the three last Danish municipalities not belonging to a county, the others being Frederiksberg Municipality and Bornholm.  Every September since 2006, the Festival of Endless Gratitude (FOEG) has taken place in Copenhagen.  Completed in 1908, Det Ny Teater (the New Theatre) located in a passage between Vesterbrogade and Gammel Kongevej has become a popular venue for musicals since its reopening in 1994, attracting the largest audiences in the country. Founded in 1648, the Royal Library is located at four sites in the city, the main one being on the Slotsholmen waterfront. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become increasingly integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, forming the Øresund Region. Other distinctive features of Copenhagen include the abundance of water, its many parks, and the bicycle paths that line most streets. In 2009 the Copenhagen Municipal Council decided that Copenhagen will become the world's first carbon neutral capital by 2025. , Copenhagen has long been associated with beer. Copenhagen’s New Waste Plan 24. It is connected to the city centre by metro and main line railway services. Inspired by Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tale, it was created by Edvard Eriksen and unveiled in 1913. Municipalities are responsible for a wide variety of public services, which include land-use planning, environmental planning, public housing, management and maintenance of local roads, and social security. , The Royal Library, belonging to the University of Copenhagen, is the largest library in the Nordic countries with an almost complete collection of all printed Danish books since 1482.  In 1992 it merged with the Egmont media group and currently runs the 17-screen Palads Cinema in Copenhagen. , Frederiksberg, a separate municipality within the urban area of Copenhagen, lies to the west of Nørrebro and Indre By and north of Vesterbro. Copenhagen’s 2011 Municipal plan has the future growth of Copenhagen in mind, as the population is projected to reach 637,000 by the year 2025. , The largest venue for popular music in Copenhagen is Vega in the Vesterbro district. the City of London or the City of Brussels. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world. The city of Copenhagen has grown far beyond the municipal boundaries from 1901, when Frederiksberg Municipality was made an enclave within Copenhagen Municipality.. PAGE 5 | COPENHAGEN Lessons Learned Creative Urban Planning Fosters City Pride and Boosts the Economy An important lesson the Copenhagen experience can teach Seattle is that innovative and bold planning initiatives can have lasting impacts on civic pride. , Copenhagen's urban development in the first half of the 20th century was heavily influenced by industrialisation. , Shortly after the end of the war, an innovative urban development project known as the Finger Plan was introduced in 1947, encouraging the creation of new housing and businesses interspersed with large green areas along five "fingers" stretching out from the city centre along the S-train routes. It is located in the middle of a sculpture garden on a cliff overlooking Øresund. , All members of the council are elected every four years. , On 8 May 1945 Copenhagen was officially liberated by British troops commanded by Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery who supervised the surrender of 30,000 Germans situated around the capital. , Copenhagen University Hospital forms a conglomerate of several hospitals in Region Hovedstaden and Region Sjælland, together with the faculty of health sciences at the University of Copenhagen; Rigshospitalet and Bispebjerg Hospital in Copenhagen belong to this group of university hospitals. Since 2009, Copenhagen has been one of the fastest growing metropolitan destinations in Europe. Note. Created as an amusement park complete with rides, games and restaurants by Christian IV, it is the oldest surviving amusement park in the world.  Halmtorvet, the old haymarket behind the Central Station, is an increasingly popular area with its cafés and restaurants.  There was a demographic boom in the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, largely due to immigration to Denmark. The area known as Frederiksstaden, developed by Frederik V in the second half of the 18th century in the Rococo style, has the four mansions of Amalienborg, the royal residence, and the wide-domed Marble Church at its centre. During the Pride the square is renamed Pride Square. The City Hall Square (Danish: Rådhuspladsen) is the old centre of the city, from which an old shopping street leads northeast to Kongens Nytorv, which was laid out in the seventeenth century. For other uses, see, 1050–1778, 2100, 2150, 2200, 2300, 2400, 2450, 2500, Classic building in Copenhagen from around the 1890s. Here's what you need to know. , Copenhagen is part of the Øresund Region, which consists of Zealand, Lolland-Falster and Bornholm in Denmark and Scania in Sweden. The goal is supported by the CPH 2025 Climate Plan, which the City Council adopted in 2009.A midterm goal was to reduce carbon emissions by 20% by 2015, which is a goal Copenhagen met already in 2011. The second largest municipality is Frederiksberg, an enclave within Copenhagen Municipality. On March 28, 2020, the 2.2 km (1.4 mi) Nordhavn extension of the Harbour Line (M4) opened. Novels set in Copenhagen include Baby (1973) by Kirsten Thorup, The Copenhagen Connection (1982) by Barbara Mertz, Number the Stars (1989) by Lois Lowry, Miss Smilla's Feeling for Snow (1992) and Borderliners (1993) by Peter Høeg, Music and Silence (1999) by Rose Tremain, The Danish Girl (2000) by David Ebershoff, and Sharpe's Prey (2001) by Bernard Cornwell. In city planning, streets and squares are to be designed to encourage cycling and walking rather than driving. Resource and Waste Management Plan 2018 and the next step ahead: RWMP 2024 4. Copenhagen' municipal council is by far the largest in Denmark, being the only municipal council with more than 31 seats. The Copenhagen-Ringsted Line makes Køge one of the railway hubs of Eastern Denmark. , Copenhagen Marathon, Copenhagen's annual marathon event, was established in 1980.  The København Håndbold women's club has recently been established. Once a warehouse, the North Atlantic House now displays culture from Iceland and Greenland and houses the Noma restaurant, known for its Nordic cuisine. It encloses Frederiksberg Municipality and stretches east to the waterfront. , Copenhagen has a wide selection of art museums and galleries displaying both historic works and more modern contributions.  The district stretches from Nørrebro to the waterfront where The Little Mermaid statue can be seen from the promenade known as Langelinie. Recent years have seen a boom in modern architecture in Copenhagen both for Danish architecture and for works by international architects. On April 9, Council made amendments to the 2020 Financial Plan to deliver a financial relief package to help those in the community who may be experiencing financial hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic.  In their efforts to deal with drugs, the police have noted considerable success in the two special drug consumption rooms opened by the city where addicts can use sterile needles and receive help from nurses if necessary. In 1856 the ramparts were pulled down allowing for growth and expansion. In 1901 the city expanded to include Amager and Valby, while Frederiksberg became an enclave within the municipality.  Copenhagen Distortion has emerged to be one of the biggest street festivals in Europe with 100,000 people joining to parties in the beginning of June every year. However, recent years have seen an explosive growth in the number of microbreweries so that Denmark today has more than 100 breweries, many of which are located in Copenhagen. Morning light, 1836", "Paul Fischer – A Danish painter of the Grand Salon", Photomarathons: Using New Technologies to Support Student Learning and Assessment, "Noma in Copenhagen named best restaurant in the world", "Scandinavia: Copenhagen, the alternative side", "Færdselsloven – Bekendtgørelse af færdselsloven", "The World's Finest Clubs & Events in Copenhagen", "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016", "Open Water Swimming: World's Top 100 Open Water Swims", "Copenhagen Airport posts solid increase in passenger traffic", "Committee presents ideas for reducing Copenhagen's congestion", "New metro line opens - Copenhagen's largest construction project in 400 years", "Copenhagen opens Nordhavn metro extension", "Den nye metrolinje M4 Nordhavn åbner 28. marts", "2019 Copenhagenize Index - Copenhagenize", "11 most bicycle-friendly cities in the world", "Herlev Hospital, Herlev – 136661 – EMPORIS", "Gentofte Hospital eller Amtssygehuset i Gentofte", "Kristeligt Dagblad – Vælg din gave her! Kunsthal Charlottenborg in the city centre exhibits national and international contemporary art.  The canal runs from the harbour front to the spacious square of Kongens Nytorv which was laid out by Christian V in 1670. Copenhagen's Swedish name is Köpenhamn, a direct translation of the mutually intelligible Danish name. Jørgens Sø, one of the Copenhagen lakes. City of Copenhagen 2. Its 55 members are elected for a four-year period. Filmbyen (movie city), located in a former military camp in the suburb of Hvidovre, houses several movie companies and studios. With 1.27 million km covered every working day by Copenhagen's cyclists (including both residents and commuters), and 75% of Copenhageners cycling throughout the year. , The attack, known as "Operation Carthage", came on 22 March 1945, in three small waves. They include Statens Museum for Kunst, i.e. Waste management in Copenhagen fractions and … Nordisk Film, established in Valby, Copenhagen in 1906 is the oldest continuously operating film production company in the world. , Another important Copenhagen art museum is the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek founded by second generation Carlsberg philanthropist Carl Jacobsen and built around his personal collections. It is among the most modern opera houses in the world. Copenhagen has a multitude of districts, each with its distinctive character and representing its own period. It was initially intended to be a fortified trading centre but ultimately became part of Copenhagen. It includes the historic School of Visual Arts, and has in later years come to include a School of Architecture, a School of Design and a School of Conservation. , Denmark's Flexicurity model features some of the most flexible hiring and firing legislation in Europe, providing attractive conditions for foreign investment and international companies looking to locate in Copenhagen. In the municipal elections in November 2013 (see below), the Social Democrats remained in first place with 27.8% of the vote (down by 2.2% from 2009), while the Red-Green Alliance was in second place with 19.5%. , The city's appearance today is shaped by the key role it has played as a regional centre for centuries. There is also a windmill in the area. As a result, Copenhagen has become the centre of a larger metropolitan area spanning both nations.  In Klampenborg, about 10 kilometers from downtown Copenhagen, is Bellevue Beach.  The new line connects all inner boroughs of the city by metro, including the Central Station, and opens up 17 new stations for Copenhageners. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Population at the first day of the quarter by municipality, sex, age, marital status, ancestry, country of origin and citizenship", "Regioner, landsdele og kommuner.  High taxes mean that wages are reduced after mandatory deduction. , The oldest section of Copenhagen's inner city is often referred to as Middelalderbyen (the medieval city). ", "Copenhagen and Beijing Become Sister Cities", "Diploma as Honorary Citizen from the City of Copenhagen N36 – Thorvaldsensmuseum", University of Copenhagen Geological Museum, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation, Institutional seats of the European Union, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Copenhagen&oldid=995022054, Cities and towns in the Capital Region of Denmark, Municipal seats in the Capital Region of Denmark, Populated places established in the 11th century, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 19:59. 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